For decades, schools have been leveraging the concept of “if you see something, say something” to prevent the escalation of threats and violence. But ambiguous threats — red flag behavior, concerning conversations with students, vague references to violence, and other indirect and nonspecific threats — are becoming more concerning as a potential precursor to violence, and are presenting new complexities for school staff and leaders.

While these kinds of ambiguous threats don’t illicit the same police response/protocols, they can be equally challenging — if not more — to navigate. Schools are often left with more questions than answers:

  • Is this a real threat or just a comment by a frustrated student?
  • Does it warrant investigation?
  • How do we prioritize this ambiguous threat in the context of our other priorities?
  • How can we ensure an effective investigation with a growing number of reports and limited resources?
  • How do we make sure we’re not overreacting?
  • What if we underreact?

In this session, we’ll dig into these questions and others to help school leaders understand ways they can effectively address ambiguous threats that arise.

Registration Information

  • Free for participants from SAIS member schools
  • $25 for participants from non-member schools

Please contact with any questions.


Chris Joffe
Founder and CEO, Joffe Emergency Services

Cat Cecere
Managing Director, Learning & Management Practice, Joffe Emergency Services

Lisa Garcia-Stewart
National Director, School Safety & Security, Joffe Emergency Services

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